Some people can have severe allergies to specific foods, chemicals, and medication. However, severe allergic reactions can be fatal and require immediate medical assistance. That’s why knowing how to give the first aid allergic reaction is vital as it could potentially save a life.
Your body’s allergic response depends on your allergy type and triggers. Most people have mild reactions. For example, inhaling pollen may cause you to have a runny nose, or you might develop red rashes if you have a skin allergy. Here are other symptoms of an allergic reaction:
About one in 50 Americans suffer from the most severe allergic reaction, which is called anaphylaxis. It is life-threatening, and its symptoms begin to appear within mere seconds after exposure to an allergen, which includes:
When you have asthma or a family history of anaphylaxis, you are at higher risk. Likewise, if you have experienced anaphylaxis before, it can occur again. Consult an allergy expert to know if your symptoms may be due to an allergy or something else.
Here are some allergy treatments commonly used to alleviate allergies:
You should get medical attention if you experience symptoms of an allergic reaction in both the respiratory and digestive systems.
A severe allergic reaction will require epinephrine injections. It is the most effective medicine to give for a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis. For it to work, you should inject it as soon as you suspect that you’re having a severe allergic reaction. It can also treat life-threatening allergies to food, stinging insects, drugs, or medicines. Do not inject more or less epinephrine than your doctor prescribes. Follow directions carefully.
In case you don’t have an epinephrine auto-injector, dial 911 or your local emergency number services.
Despite the lack of scientific proof, these remedies have proved to be effective over time. Below are some allergic reaction remedies:
When an emergency occurs, stay calm and do not panic. If you remain calm, you can remember what you need to do and assist those in need the best you can.
Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction include the following:
As soon as you know that someone is suffering from an allergy attack, apply these first aid tips:
When someone needs help due to an injury or imminent danger, call 911. A nearby hospital with an emergency number can be another option. Getting help as soon as possible is very important to stabilize and assist the patient’s condition.
Perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) immediately if the person stops breathing or doesn’t move.
To perform CPR, follow these steps:
Although anyone can perform CPR, it is advisable to undergo CPR training if you can. It also enables you to learn how to perform correct CPR procedures.
If the person shows signs of vomiting, turn them on their side. Please do this to avoid choking on their vomit. It is helpful if the person’s mouth is bleeding. Always check to see if they’re breathing normally and to make sure nothing is blocking their airways.
Allergic patients usually carry a pill, puffer, or injection of adrenaline (e.g., EpiPen or Anapen) with them at all times. When it’s necessary, assist the patient in locating and administer their medication. Meanwhile, if the patient is unwell, someone else should help administer their adrenaline for them. Make sure to follow the instructions on the package. Do this quickly to avoid a case of severe allergic reaction.
First aid doesn’t just limit to people who had accidents or injuries. People who suffer an allergic reaction need first aid as well. It keeps casualties from getting worse and helps to stabilize a person’s condition before professional help arrives. So, visit an allergist before your allergy symptoms get worse.
Paul Jantzi has spent more than 13 years serving the south-central Texas region as an allergist. He is board-certified in allergy and immunology with prior specialty training in pediatrics and internal medicine. Schedule a meeting with him to learn more about immunotherapy and how it can help with your allergy symptoms.